Dating atlas canning jars
The only options for them was to use tin cans and solder them shut, or to plug their fruit jars—a term used by bottle maker Thomas Dyott—with corks, a practice that dated to the Colonial Era.The build up to John Mason’s November 30th, 1858, patent for the Mason jar, which ultimately revolutionized food preservation, began with Robert Arthur in 1855.By the 1930s, Hazel-Atlas had fifteen plants (plants included those in Clarksburg, WV; Zanesville, OH; Ada, OK; Montgomery, AL; Oakland, CA; Pomona, CA and other locations) and was a sizable glass manufacturer.Hazel-Atlas manufactured tremendous quantities of "depression" pressed glassware in a wide variety of patterns throughout the 1920s, 1930s and 1940s.Because competitors produced most Mason jars after his patent expired in 1879, Mason did not become wealthy and he died broke in New York City in 1902.Around the same time as Mason, other countries around the world had their versions, such as Kilner and Norway.
While Appert’s invention marked progress, it did not help home canners—the process was extremely expensive and difficult.
In the 1800's there were hundreds of different brands throughout the world selling essentially what we have come to call Mason jars. The most common North American brands are Ball, Kerr, Golden Harvest and Bernardin, all are made in the US & Canada by Jarden.
Other brands such as Orchard Road and generic Mason jars are mostly made in Asia.
"Atlas" was the name brand of their most popular line of fruit jars for home canning. It continued to make containers, glassware and tableware into the 1960s.
Hazel-Atlas, at that time the third largest producer of glass containers in the U. (shipping nearly 10% of the market's glass containers), became a subsidiary of the Continental Can Company in 1957. In 1964, 10 of the 12 H-A plants in operation were sold to Brockway Glass Company, and it is unclear if the remaining two plants used the H-A trademark after that year.